Battle of Britain Fly-Past

Battle of Britain Anniversary ~
London Fly-Past 14th September 1946

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Collard, Craig and Beetham
Immediately after returning from well-deserved leave after the 6-week  Goodwill Tour of the USA; the 35 Squadron personnel urgently re-assembled for further Formation Flying rehearsals for the imminent  5th Battle Of Britain Anniversary Fly-Past

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Saturday 14th  Sep 1946 -the 5th  Battle of Britain Anniverary (actual date 15th September 1941) was celebrated by throwing open to the Public some 60 RAF Stations Two Mass Fly-pasts of RAF Squadrons were also to have taken place, but recalcitrant weather caused the 2nd of these to be cancelled.  The weather also greatly affected attendance at many Aerodromes whereas at some, crowds several 1000 strong refused to be deterred by the near-incessant oft-torrential rain, at others only a handful of spectators turned up to see the Displays.

A formation of some 300 aircraft flew over London in the 1st Battle of Britain anniversary flypast. The formation included 247 Squadron in their new Vampire fighters (as from March 46) flying in from RAF Odiham.

 

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35 Sqdn Lancaster FE Bombers which had just returned from a Goodwill Tour to America led the fly-past over London.
First Memorial  FLY-PAST Aircraft (Led by Douglas Bader)
On 14th September 1946, 15 Spitfires of No 1 Squadron 
flew in the historic First Battle of Britain Flypast led by Group Captain Douglas Bader, flying over London and St Pauls Cathedral.
Hurricanes
Sunderlands
Lancasters 35 Squadron
Mosquitos
Sea Mosquitos
Beaufighters
Firebrands
Supermarine Seafires
Spitfires –  No.1 Squadron
Fireflies
Tempests
Meteors –
Vampires – 247 Squadron
London, Sat 14th September 1946
300 Fighter planes flew over London and South-east coast towns in mass formation to commemorate the 5th anniversary of the Battle for Britain. It was the 1st occasion on which the Battle has been commemorated by Massed Flights over the whole of the area in which it was fought during 1940. The parade consisted of 31 Squadrons of the RAF and Fleet Air Arm, 3 USAAF Squadrons and 7 Polish Squadrons.
No.1 Squadron then flying Spitfires was selected to lead the 1946 Battle of Britain Flypast at the head of 33 aircraft, a couple of days later came the news they were converting to Britain’s 1st Jet fighter, the Meteor.
The formation included 247 Squadron in their new jet Vampire fighters.  Three RAF Hawker Tempest fighters collided in mid-air after the Fly-past. One crashed, killing the Pilot the other 2 made forced landings.
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The flight was in 2 stages. The track in the morning followed a straight line from Southend through Hornchurch and Westminster to Hammersmith. In addition, towns along the south, south-east and east coasts were covered. In the afternoon the aircraft formed up between Selsey and Beachy Head and then flew over Portsmouth, Southampton, the north coast of the Isle of Wight, Bournemouth, Weymouth, Exeter, Weston-super-Mare, Bath, Bristol, Salisbury and Taunton.
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The hugely influential 1941 Air Ministry pamphlet was founded upon fact rather than fiction, its focus on 15 September 1940 as the ‘Greatest Day’ – or as suggested in 1942, ‘Air Trafalgar Day’ – central to the projection of Fighter Command as the saviours of the free world. In other words, had the RAF and Ack Ack defences not shot down 185 aircraft on that day it was proclaimed in the narrative that Hitler would have undoubtedly launched his invasion.  Not possible to verify until Nazi High Command (OKW) documents were captured by the allies in 1945 – the details finally released in September 1947 – the central claim of the 1941 pamphlet was then either an inspired insight or calculated misinterpretation.

It is, therefore, difficult to gauge whether ‘The Battle of Britain’ was a mythical construction simply because if it is accepted that Hitler called off his invasion plans given the 15 September Luftwaffe losses, the pamphlet’s central argument was a valid claim.  Hitler did, in fact, postpone the invasion on 17 September, this not known clearly until 1947 – as distinct from an opaque Enigma message, and Barge dispersals – but it is not known precisely whether this was wholly due to RAF Fighter – and Bomber – resistance, or a combination of factors including the threat posed by the Royal Navy. Alas, different interpretations of Hitler’s  Operation Sea Lion and its abandonment are possible, the pamphlet’s verdict highly valuable to the British during a period of continuing disappointment and setbacks.

By 1945 the RAF bomber attacks against Barge concentrations in September 1940 had been wholly forgotten, the more delicate issues around the Strategic Air Offensive and the recent bombing of Dresden tending to eclipse Bomber Command’s contribution to the Victory.   Bomber Command was not given more credit for its contribution to the Battle of Britain.  Garry Campion

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Wing Commander Craig in discussion with a fellow  Officer and an organiser regarding the Battle of Britain Anniversary Flight on the 14th September 1946 with reference to the charity RAF Association possibly prior to an ‘open day’ at Graveley.  Craig became a member of the RAFA Club at 114 Totteridge Road in High Wycombe which opened new premises in September 1952.

RAF Association - Friendship, Help, Support

RAFA, The Royal Air Forces Association (or RAF Association), is a membership organisation and registered charity that provides welfare support to the RAF Family.

In 1929, in the Sergeants’ Mess at RAF Andover, 3 men named Vernon Goodhand, Joe Pearce and Warrant Officer Bartlett met to discuss the formation of a single organisation dedicated to the welfare of serving and ex-serving RAF personnel: one which would replace the many smaller organisations that had grown to keep former servicemen in touch since the end of the First World War.  By 1930 a provisional committee had been formed called “Comrades of the Royal Air Forces Association” and the 1st general meeting of the new organisation took place at the Queen’s Hotel, Leicester Square, London.  Air Ministry support for the Comrades came in 1933 when the Air Council officially recognised the organisation and Lord Trenchard accepted the Presidency.  By 1943, with more than a million serving in the RAF, the organisation’s name was changed to the Royal Air Forces Association. A National Council, under the chairmanship of Air Chief Marshal Sir John Steel was formed to replace the Central committee of CRAFA.  In 1947 membership reached a peak with around 200,000 members and some 565 branches throughout the UK and in some overseas territories.

Receiving no Government contributions, their work is completely funded by the generosity of members and through vital donations from the supporters to the Wings Appeal. The Association exists in the recognition that RAF personnel and their immediate families dedicate their lives to their country, and to ensure that such a sacrifice does not result in suffering, poverty or loneliness.  Whether it’s an injured Airman fighting to get back on his feet, a young child missing their parent away on overseas Operations, or a WW2 veteran needing a shoulder to lean on, they are there to help all generations of RAF Service Personnel and their families.

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