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No.35 Squadron RAF Flies Home

RAF Goodwill Mission to US Ends
The famous No 35 Squadron16 RAF Lancasters – which has travelled 15,000 miles on a Goodwill Tour of N. America, was taking off from New York, where the tour started on 17th July 1946 for its return home this afternoon (22nd August 1946).  The bombers are due at St Mawgan, Cornwall on Monday. Reuter.

Departure began with A-Flight leaving Gander for Lagens Field, Azores on 24th August and after a overnight stay then arriving St Mawgans on 25th August.  On 29th August they departed RAF St Mawgans to RAF Graveley Via flyovers of Plymouth, Torquay and London.

The Officer Commanding B Flight Signalled St Mawgan from Lagens that they intended to leave on the 26th August (am) leaving ahead of schedule because of better weather conditions and that he had received no further advice regarding Lancaster TL-R  involved in the incident at Gander.

Also on the 25th August, ‘B’ Flight took off from Gander for the trip to Lagens. The squadron departed at night (TL_Q took off at 23.35 hrs) and unfortunately there was an incident that involved fatalities. TL-R (TW870), piloted by F/L Pete Stockwell, had to return to Gander after 20 minutes in the air as he had problems with his DR compass. He was cleared to land but mistook 2 directional green lights which marked the leeward end of the runway for glide path indicators. As a result the aircraft bounced on the raised road which was parallel to and 20 yards from the leeward end of the runway. It was also marked with red lights as a prohibited area but there were some observing civilians standing there. The aircraft’s starboard wheel hit some of them, killing 3 men and 1 woman and injuring a 4th man. The Lancaster was damaged and had to remain at Gander. On investigation, Stockwell was exonerated of all blame (source mostly Alan Cooper). – (See separate page).

35 Squadron A Flight departed Lagens on the 25th August, but probably they left late at night so arriving St Mawgan early the next morning, the 26th.  Likewise, B Flight probably arrived in the early hours of the 27th.  The whole 15 aircraft left then departed St Mawgan on the 29th August.

The Offier Comanding B Flight Signalled St Mawgan from Lagens that they intended to leave on the 26th August (am) and leaving ahead of schedule because of better weather conditions.   Also that he had received no further advice regarding Lancaster TL-R  involved in the incident at Gander.
B- Flight Flying Log:
August 27th 0700 arr St Mawgan
August 29th 1000 dep St Mawgan

The squadron spent 3 days at St Mawgan on their return where  no doubt the HM Customs took a keen interest in the aircraft. On the 29th August the remaining 15 Lancasters departed St Mawgan for Graveley, under Signalled instructions from 3 Group to fly in formation following a coastal route of Holiday Resorts including Plymouth, Torquay, Bournmouth, Bognor, Worthing and Brighton before turning north for a flypast across London to a warm reception at their home base – Graveley.


Air Council (or Air Force Council) was the governing body of the RAF at Adastral House

Commanding Officer RCM Collard left a hand written note to Craig before leaving St Mawgan on 28th August regarding instructions received from the C inC re the imminent Battle of Britain Anniverary and an intended Recruiting Campaign since so many of the existing crews were about to wind up their careers
….as for future committments, those are dependant on the number of pilots of the Squadron due to go out almost at once, I dare say the Authorities do not realise how many you are losing”

graveleycollardcraig

Collard and Craig,

Alan3rdRight.jpg
Craig, (3rd from right)  Collard (extreme right) and fellow Officers with perhaps some wives at a less informal meeting in RAF Graveley

Group Captain R C M Collard, (his boss), was a bit of a ‘wet fish’ and W/C A J L Craig used his charm and brain to get on well with him.  Such was the ‘class system‘ within the ranks. Fellow crew members said that they could not understand why Alan came out of the RAF since in their estimation ‘if anyone was headed for the top it was him‘.  Peacetime wasn’t when people of his ilk shone though, if pinned down by other bureaucrats. Alan carried on piloting Gloucester Meteors, Handley Page Victors and Valiants.
AJLCReturnInspectionParadeW/C Craig leads marching on for inspection by the American Ambassador at Graveley, August 29th 1946.  

IWM Film 3Wide shot over airfield from Air Traffic Control Tower with airfield code “GR” in foreground (Graveley), parade being carried out on edge of taxiway, Squadron disposal board for 35 Sqdn, crews marching past, 35 Squadron HQ building sign, Lancs taxiing out shot from onboard Aircraft and take off.  Flying over coastal town.

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bottomleyaddressgraveley

Bottomley prepares for a welcome speech (left) and dignitaries look on – American Ambassador, RAF Officers, USAAF Officer and Grp Capt Collard.

http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/722b1f892a4b46ad9d8b2641b3072d3f#

The Formation fly over on camera. Several formation shots. Lancaster bombers come in to land, touching down, taxi across aerodrome, to appointed position. General Views of planes lined up with crew standing in front of same. Wing Commander Craig greeted by Air Marshal Sir Norman Bottomley. Close Ups – Group Captain R C M Collard talks to camera about trip, thanks crews and Reception Committee for their welcome. Those VIP’s present include ASA Ambassador Representative Mr Corville, Lord (William) Henderson of Westgate  – Air Council  and Sir William Brown.

usaaf-article

The question of much earned Leave after the Goodwill Tour was to be decided by the C in C against the backdrop of important forthcoming commitments for the Squadron which they had to fulfill in connection with the Battle of Britain Aniversary and an RAF  Recruiting Campaign.  No doubt the C in C considered their 6 weeks gruelling US oddysey to be more of a picnic.

GoodwillTourAnniversaryPC

Anniversary Postcard signed by Ray Leaf??  Graveley is mis-spelt and RAF Scampton added hence the Lincoln Lancaster Commitee instead of Graveley, Cambridgeshire.

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