Craig in Argentina

A J L Craig – Assistant Air Attache, AMU Buenos Aires, Argentina

Air Ministry Unit, Air Attache: Buenos Aires 22nd October 1946 to 16th July 1948 (Record of Service) – Assistant Air Attache.
He was awarded a Certificate of ‘Honouris Causa’ (for the sake of Honour) by the Argentinian Authorities.  An honoris causa doctorate is an award granted by higher learning institutions to prominent people in a given field or in society in general.

Three Horseshoes, High Street Graveley –  
that opened in the early 20th century possibly rebuilt or greatly extended and with a dodgy ‘S’ sign.

A J L-Craig announces his designation as Assistant Air Attache
A young WAAF Mary Stanley Smith said casually to a friendI would love to be on that VE Day Flight but Alan Laird Craig doesn’t like WAAF Officers.  Some 24 Hrs later this remark was relayed to Alan who telephoned her and saidI understand you would like to come on the Flypast – to which she replied – Oh Yes Please! and he said  – Be at RAF Graveley at 5.30 am on the 8th June (1946).  She went from Bomber Command HQ to Graveley and arrived there at 05.30 prompt. The Squadron flew over London and returned to Graveley and had a very late lunch at the local pub ‘The Three Horshoes‘ 19 High Street, Graveley, St Neots about a mile from the base at 3.30pm.  While at the pub someone said to herMary what are you going to do when you leave the WAAFBefore she could answer Alan saidI’ve been posted – she’s going to marry me!  Mary said – Norfolk or Suffolk? – No – Buenos Aires as Assistant Air AttacheSo…., Will you Marry me?  said Alan – Certainly! – said Mary.
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Wing Commander Craig – marriage to Mary Stanley Smith at St Peter, Vere Street, Mayfair with a reception at the Dorchester Hotel, Park Lane, London.  They married in 1946, in the salubrious Mayfair District of London – just prior to his 2 year posting as Assistant Air Attache at the British Embassy in Buenos Aires.
Flight Officer Mary Stanley Smith, WAAF, elder daughter of Mr & Mrs E. Smith, of High Wycombe, Bucks; and they eventually had 2 sons, 1 daughter.  His eldest Son Gavin Ernest Laird Craig was born in an Argentinian Convent Hospital.  b. 6th August 1947Compagnie de Santa Maria, Buenos Aires   He could thus now claim his dual nationality.
Mary as a WAAF was then Personal Assistant to Air Marshal ‘Bomber’Harris at Bomber Command HQ Naphill and then to Air Marshal Sir Norman Bottomley.

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They enjoyed a 3-week cruising honeymoon on the way to South America on board RMS Highland Chieftain – c.Sept 1946

Argentina is located in the south east of South America, bordered in the north by Bolivia and Paraguay, in the south by the confluence of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, in the east by the Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean, and in the West by Chile. Buenos Aires is the largest city in Argentina and serves as its capital and main tourist destination. Numbering approximately 37 million people, Argentines are mostly descendants of Italian and Spanish immigrants – 92% of the population profess to be Roman Catholic, and thus makes Catholicism the country’s most prominent religion. While Spanish is the major language of Argentina, Italian, German, French, and English are also spoken.

An Air Attaché is a Royal Air Force Officer who is part of a Diplomatic Mission; this post is normally filled by a high-ranking Officer.  An Air Attaché typically represents the Chief of his home Air Force in the foreign country where he serves. The day-to-day responsibilities include maintaining contacts between the host nation and the Attaché’s Air Force. This includes arranging Official Visits, exchange postings and exercises.  Other duties of an Air Attaché also include travelling around the host country to determine the extent of the Air Force infrastructure of the host country and then filing intelligence reports with their superiors in the home Air Force (Sort of Spy).  Many of the travels are disguised as other types of trips, such as vacations or family trips, otherwise the Air Attaché could be expelled for spying if caught doing so.  On a smaller Diplomatic Mission which does not have its own Air Attaché, the role of the Air Attaché is carried out by the Defence Attaché who also deals with Army and Navy matters. Sizeable Diplomatic Missions may be served by both an Air Attaché and an Assistant Air Attaché.

KeithPark.jpegAir Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park, Air Attache 1936/7 –
Passenger on Anson internal Flight 6th May 1947 El Palomar to Melila (Uruguay) – Craig’s Log Book
Flying in Argentina and Uruguay.
Between the wars, Keith Park became Air Attaché in Buenos Aires (while there marrying a London girl – Dorothy, “Dol”)  Prior to 1940, he was appointed senior Air Staff Officer to Hugh Dowding where together they built a bond where they had the greatest respect for each other.  After the WW1 he remained with the RAF, passing through the RAF Staff College, becoming an Air Attaché in Buenos Aires and a Commanding Officer at one of Britain’s peacetime Fighter Stations, before eventually ascending to the rank of Air Vice Marshall. He was also chosen to be one of King George’s VI’s 4 aides-de-camp, riding behind the King in his Coronation procession in 1937.  After WW2 Sir Keith Park was decommissioned and went to Argentina to work as Trade Ambassador to South America for the Hawker Siddley Aircraft Company.  An opportunity arose to return to New Zealand as the Company’s Pacific representative, and in 1948 Park came home to Auckland, eventually retiring and taking a prominent part in the Auckland City Council and other local body affairs. He died on the 6th February 1975, aged 82.  Park married Dorothy (Dol) Margarita Parish (a genuine cockney whose family had strong links with Argentina) in London on 25 November 1918; they were to have 2 sons.  Park was one of 20 Officers selected to attend the 1st course at the world’s 1st Air Force Staff College at Andover, Hampshire,   in April 1922. In August 1926, after 3 years in Egypt, he went to the Headquarters of Air Defence of Great Britain at Uxbridge, West London, where plans for the country’s Air Defence were discussed.

British Securtiy Co-ordination
BSC
was set up by a Canadian entrepreneur called William Stephenson, working on behalf of the British Secret Intelligence Services (SIS). Stephenson called his methods “political warfare”, but the remarkable fact about BSC was that no one had ever tried to achieve such a level of “spin”, as we would call it today, on such a vast and pervasive scale in another Country.  One of British Security Co-ordination‘s most successful operations originated in South America and illustrates the clandestine ability it had to influence even the most powerful. The aim was to suggest that Hitler’s ambitions extended across the Atlantic. In October 1941, a map was stolen from a German Courier’s bag in Buenos Aires.  The map purported to show a South America divided into 5 New States – Gaus, each with their own Gauleiter – one of which, Neuspanien, included Panama and “America’s Lifeline” the Panama Canal.  In addition, the map detailed Lufthansa Routes from Europe to and across South America, extending into Panama and Mexico. The inference was obvious: watch out, America, Hitler will be at your southern border soon. The map was taken as entirely credible and Roosevelt even cited it in a powerful pro-war, anti-Nazi speech on October 27 1941:
This map makes clear the Nazi design,” Roosevelt declaimed, “not only against South America but against the United States as well.”  The news of the map caused a tremendous stir: as a piece of anti-Nazi propaganda, it could not be bettered.  Was the South America map genuine? It was probably a British forgery (BSC had a superb document forging facility across the border in Canada). The story of its provenance is just too pat to be wholly believable.  Allegedly, only 2 of these maps were made; one was in Hitler’s keeping, the other with the German Ambassador in Buenos Aires.  So how come a German Courier, who was involved in a car crash in Buenos Aires, happened to have a copy on him? Conveniently, this Courier was being followed by a British Agent who in the confusion of the incident somehow managed to snaffle the map from his bag and it duly made its way to Washington.

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Reginald LeeperBritish Ambassador to Argentina from 1946 to 1948
Embassy located on Dr Luís Agote street in the Recoleta neighbourhood of Buenos Aries. The British government acquired the building for use as an Embassy in 1945, which had been built in 1917 as the residence of Carlos Madero, in an Edwardian style.
Air Ministry Unit  – Assistant Air Attache Alan John Laird Craig, 22nd October 1946 to May 1948.  (No Flying between November 1947 and May 1948)

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BSAA ‘Star Lion’ G-AHNK

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British South American Airwaysthe Craig’s were invited to take part in a Good Will Flight on Starlliner – BSAA Avro Tudor Mk lV 688 G-AHNK Star Lion c.Oct 1947
from room 2105 on 21st Floor (top floor) of Serrador Hotel, Rio de Janeiro via Santos Dumont Airport at Guanabara Bay, Rio to Buenos Aries.  This airport was 1st used in 1934 when a 400 metre runway was built on a landfill area over the ocean. The runway was extended to 700 metres in 1936 and eventually 1,350 metres in the 1940s. A Terminal modelled after the Pan American Seaplane Base and Terminal in Miami was opened in 1937. A new terminal for seaplanes opened in 1938 but was shut down when seaplanes lost their popularity. It is now the Historical and Cultural Institute of the Brazilian Air Force.

This particular Avro Tudor IV 688 was the first of 10 aircraft to enter BSAA service on 29th September 1947 and carried the name ‘ Star Lion ‘
To meet a BSAA requirement, some Tudor’s were lengthened by 5ft 9in (1.75 m), powered by 1,770 hp (1,320 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 621s and 1,760 hp (1,310 kW) Rolls-Royce Merlin 623s.  With 32 seats and no Flight Engineer position, these were known as Tudor IVs, and when fitted with a Flight Engineer’s position and 28 seats, as Tudor IVBs.  BSAA’s new flagships received mixed reviews from Pilots. Some greeted it with enthusiasm, such as Captain Geoffrey Womersley, who described it as “the best civil airliner flying.”  Others rejected it as an unsound design.  BSAA’s Chief Pilot and Manager of Operations, Gordon Store, was unimpressed:
“The Tudor was built like a Battleship. It was noisy, I had no confidence in its engines and its systems were hopeless. The Americans were 50 years ahead of us in Systems Engineering. All the hydraulics, the air conditioning equipment and the recircling fans were crammed together underneath the floor without any thought. There were fuel-burning heaters that would never work; we had the floorboards up in flight again and again.
Don Bennett’s troublesome Airline suffered a number of Aircraft Losses so this trip may have been a publicity exercise to restore much-needed confidence in the Corporation

caracaturenigel_argentina

This Charicature presumably of someone called Nigel by NZ Cartoonist Alan Reeve (c.1942?) was presented to Alan in Argentina presumably by an Associate – can anyone identify Nigel?

AVM Wilfred Ewart Oulton, 1948-1950; Air Attache, Argentina, Uraguay, Paraguay.
During the 2nd WW, Oulton was also sent to Washington to advise on training for British and Commonwealth Aircrew at U.S. flying schools.  Winston Churchill made a visit to see President Roosevelt at this time and Oulton was chosen to act as a temporary Aide. In the early hours of the morning, Oulton was sat in a corridor at the White House. He was spotted by the President’s wife Eleanor Roosevelt who felt sorry for the young Officer and Oulton spent the rest of the evening sat on her bed drinking coffee and talking till dawn.  Later, Oulton set up and Commanded a Base in the Azores and when there he was visited by US General, later President, Eisenhower. In return for his hospitality, Eisenhower asked Oulton how could he repay this hospitality to which Oulton suggested some fruit for his men. A short time later, a whole planeload of oranges arrived!  He was awarded the DFC and the DSO in 1943 and was mentioned in dispatches 3 times in his War Service.  After the war, he was appointed as Deputy Ddirector of the fledgling Air Traffic Control and helped establish early systems at Heathrow before acting as the Air Attaché covering most of the southern part of the South American continent. At that later posting, Oulton was told he was “to go out and drop a bomb somewhere in the central Pacific Ocean and take a picture of it with a brownie camera“. When the surprised Oulton enquired, “What kind of bomb?“, he was told a thermo-nuclear one and muttered “Good God

At the end of the WW2, Argentina had accumulated a favourable balance of £118 million in the United Kingdom, blocked because of Wartime Exchange Controls. The (Miguel) Miranda-Eady agreement to sell the Railways was reached on 15 September 1946 envisaging the creation of a Company of mixed British and Argentine Capital. However, Miranda changed his mind and on 28 December 1946 offered the British negotiators a straight purchase which they were quick to accept. The price for the Assets was settled on 11 February 1947 at £150m

S/L A J L Craig – Air Force Cross Awarded 1947
Awarded to personnel, and formerly also to officers of the other Commonwealth countries, for “an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying, though not in active operations against the enemy”. 
His award of the AFC was gazetted on 1 January 1947 (Gazette No 37835 supplement to 31 December 1946) and he is given rank as Squadron Leader.

Argentina – WW2 and immediate Post-War
Secretaría de Inteligencia
The SI is one of Argentina’s most feared and hated state agencies.
Created in 1946 by Argentina’s strongman General Juan Domingo Peron, it was originally a Civilian Intelligence Agency called the Information Division.  According to journalist Uki Goni, its first task was to arrange the post-war transport of Nazi War Criminals to Argentina.

Contemporary Interview
STANLEY J DONOVAN US Air Attaché , Buenos Aires (1945-1948)
Stanley J Donovan was born in Maine in 1910. He graduated from West Point in 1934 and served in the U.S. Air Force. His assignments abroad have included Buenos Aires, Madrid, and Turkey. In 1996 he was interviewed by Charles Stuart Kennedy.

DONOVAN: At that time, I was ordered to Argentina as US Air attaché.
Q: Had you spoken Spanish before, or had learned Spanish?
DONOVAN: Well, mas o menos, mostly menos [more or less, mostly less]. I could maybe say “Buenos dias [good day]” and “Buenos noches [good evening].”
Q: Could we talk about Argentina at that time? You were in Argentina from when to when? DONOVAN: I was in Argentina from… The war ended with Japan in 1945, and I went immediately to Argentina.  Peron was in an island prison on the river, and I think my first night there, we were staying in the Alvear Palace Hotel in Buenos Aires, with a cobblestone street right below my window, and about midnight, there was a terrific racket. It was Peron‘s arrival, from the prison, to take over. The troops, horses and wagons, the works, made an impressive entrance on the cobblestones.
Q: He’d been relieved?
DONOVAN: He’d been relieved, yes. He had decided to take over.
Q: Before you went to Argentina, Argentina, from the eyes of the Allies, played a very dubious role during the war, I think it very grudgingly came in at the very end of the war; its German sympathies were not hidden during the whole war. What were your orders? To go to a hostile place?
DONOVAN: I wouldn’t say it was actually hostile, although there were a great many German sympathizers there. As a matter of fact, I’ve reached some of the real night of the world classics, and when the Germans came by there, they were given receptions and all that, they were treated like conquering heroes and all, but when I arrived there, I met one of the German groups who owned some very large cattle ranches, and they were still 100% German, but they were backing off a bit from the Nazi type. Before I left, I didn’t see any indications of anything but good faith on the part of the Germans that were there.
Q: What was your impression at that time, while you were there, this would be what, ‘45, 48 about, of the Argentine military?
DONOVAN: I think their military was a pretty strong outfit. The Army, I’m not sure about the Navy, but their Army was in pretty good shape. Their Air Force was still flying rather antiquated equipment, it would not have been a very effective force, in my opinion. But they were, they were all right, I met a lot of them, that and I was in the Air force myself. I keep saying Air Force, we didn’t become the Air Force until about 1948, it was the Army Air Corps then
.Q: Did you find that the Argentine Military was interested in the way we fought our war? We had gone from something like 17th largest army in the world to about the top of the heap within a few years, were the Argentinians interested in what we had done?
DONOVAN: No, I didn’t find anybody that was very interested in that. They were, I imagine that they were really loathing, to not discussing that because they were not in a very good position Militarily. Peron, as you know, had been a Lieutenant Colonel in the Argentine army.
Q: What was your impression of how the Argentine Military felt about Peron?
DONOVAN: I think they liked him very much. Of course, the descamisados were the real power behind it, the shirtless ones. They really thought the world of him.  Evita, she would appear, go to a factory. I had an American friend who was head of the telephone factory, and she’d come out there and say “I want to talk to the people” unannounced, and she would talk to the people and she’d appear, beautifully dressed, fur coat and everything, and I thought that was rather silly of her to go out there before all these workers dressed like that, because these were the poor workers and everything, but somebody told me that I was wrong, she did that because almost every occasion she’d say “You too could have all of the things I have if you go along with us.” She was a pretty smart gal.
Q: Well, during this immediate postwar time, what would an American Air Attaché do in Argentina?
DONOVAN: My job there was to get to know all I could about the Argentine Air Force, which I did, and also incidentally, connected with that would be whatever you picked up about the army and navy also.  We would end, just kept as tight a look on what the Air Force was up to as we possibly could. Report any changes in their makeup, report anything that, on some of the people in there, what they were doing and if they were good at it or mediocre or what. Just, in general, keep an eye on everything that was going on in the Argentine Air Force. I had an aeroplane there, an old C-47 (Dakota) that was done up as a passenger, not as a freighter, and so I flew around quite a bit in Argentina. Mr James Bruce was our Ambassador most of the time I was there, and he and I visited just about every Army Airbase and Navy installation in Argentina, so much so that a lot of the people thought that Mr Bruce and Colonel Donovan were wasting their time doing everything with all these trips, and I reported that to the Ambassador, and he said “Good, let’s keep them thinking that way. Meanwhile, you and I know more authorities in Argentina and all the local governors, military commanders, etc. That’s fine, good for us.” He really was a very good man.

Creation and growth of the Argentine Air Force
As can be read in the general military aviation history part, the flying units were still part of the army in 1940. The quest for independence gained momentum in the 40s. A revolution in 1943 brought a Lieutenant Colonel from the Aviation branch to power among others and the formation of the independent air force was imminent. Subsequently, Air Force command was formed 11 February 1944 and the secretary of Aeronautics on 4 January 1945. The air force also adopted its own badges and ranks in the intervening period. Although the structure was in place, much of the necessary infrastructure still needed to be created.  Paved runways and both military and civil airfields were introduced and the late 40s and early 50s saw an influx of modern aircraft. The Gloster Meteor was the 1st jet aircraft adopted in any Latin American country. They arrived in 1947 and by December of that year the 1st Unit, Regimiento 4 de Caza Interceptora (4th Fighter-Interceptor regiment) became operational at Tandil. Other typical aircraft of that era were Lincoln bombers and DC-3, 4 and DC-6 transports. Meanwhile, the FMA produced some indigenous aircraft designs as well like the Pulqui and Calquin. The forces were no longer concentrated in the Buenos Aires province as other military aviation regions were formed from 15 March 1950 onward. These included 6 Brigadas Aéreas (I at El Palomar, II at Paraná, III at Reconquista, IV at Mendoza, V at Villa Reynolds and VI at Tandil). Moreover, other commands were formed at staff level further enhancing the professionalism of the fledgeling Air Force. Many of these commands and brigades are still operational today.

Airports Visits by A J L Craig –

Craig flew extensively in Argentina from 1st February 1947 using an Anson X-11 PH617 from El Palomar and piloting himself between many destinations.

These included Melilla and Maldonado (Uruguay), he ferried Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park to Cordoba Instituto and Escuela on 22nd April 1947 and to Melilla on 4th May 1947. Villa Mercedes (Villa Reynolds Airport, San Luis), Rosario (Santa Fe), Salta (Argentine Andes), Tucuman (San Luis), San Juan ( Las Chacritas), a mysterious search in the Andes for Lancastrian Airliner G-AGWH on 16th & 19th July 1947 (before it was reported missing). (Anson Service Ceiling 21,450 ft).

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Ever Faithful ‘Annie’
The Anson Mk III, Mk IV and Mk X were all built in Britain by Avro; the former featuring 330 hp L-6MB R-915 engines;the Mk IV 300hp Wright Whirlwind R-760-E1 radials and the latter 335 hp Armstrong Siddeley Cheetah IXs. The Anson Mk X was a Mk I with a strengthened cabin floor so that it could carry heavy freight. The designations Mk VII, VIII and IX were reserved for Canadian variants but never taken up.   The first Anson Mk II, 7069, a Mk I converted by Federal Aircraft Ltd made its maiden flight on August 21, 1941. This was followed in 1942 by the first Mk V, serial No.8649X, which was constructed from the major components of RCAF Mk I 6013 (ex-RAF N9943). The Mk V served the RCAF and the RCN in a number of roles until 1954 when the last 4 in service were retired; 3 were sold onto the civilian market while the 4th, 12518, was preserved. The Mk X entered RAF service from 1943 the majority serving with No.s 24 and 353 Squadrons, 4 and 5 AODU and the ATA; the type proving to be particularly useful in the light freight role, especially to the Continent following the D Day Invasion.  

Log Entry – No flying during Nov Dec 47 or Jan/May 1948 –
(Posted to 236 OTU RAF Kinloss 16th June 1948)

Melilla, Montevideo, Uruguay
The Ángel S. Adami Airport is located on the outskirts of Montevideo, Barrio Melilla. Because of its location, it is usually popularly known as Melilla Airport

Cordoba (Instituto Aerotécnico) – In 1927, the Military Aircraft Manufacturer (FMA) was inaugurated. The facility would become one of the most important in the world after the WW2 with the arrival of German technical personnel. Following Germany’s defeat in World War II, Kurt Tank, the Focke-Wulf chief engineer and the designer of such famous fighters as the Fw-190, restarted his professional life in Cordoba in 1947. The City’s Instituto Aerotécnico, (Aerotechnical Institute) had been founded in 1927 and eventually produced over 1,300 aircraft of 30 different types. Latterly this was known as the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) – of the Argentine Air Force ( FAA ) and many ex Focke-Wulf personnel joined Tank’s team along with French designer Emile Dewoitine and Argentine engineers Ignacio San Martin and Norberto Morcchio.  From 1952, its production began to diversify, to constitute the base of the former Institute Aerotécnico, the state-owned company Aeronautical and Mechanical Industries of the State (IAME). Córdoba was chosen as the site of The Instituto Aerotécnico that later became the Fábrica Militar de Aviones. It employed the Focke Wulf men.

Hangar 90” production line

Cordoba (Escuela)  Ingeniero Aeronáutico Ambrosio L.V. Taravella International Airport
Cordoba Airbase – Government’s Aviation School at Córdoba

El Palomar (Buenos Aries)          Homebase AAF Near La Plata
El Palomar in the Campo de Mayo military area was adopted as the home base of military aviation.  The school then was in Escuela Militar de Aviación. The name reverted to Escuela de Aviación Militar again in 1944 and it is still known by that name today.  30th November 1946: Vickers 620 Viking T-1 of the Argentine Air Force crashed at El Palomar, Argentina.  Following engine failure, the captain lost control and crashed while trying to land.  5 Fatalities – 18 Survivors
El Palomar Airport (IATA: EPA, ICAO: SADP), is a military airport in El Palomar, Argentina. It is the home base of Argentine Air Force 1st Air Brigade (Spanish: Primera Brigada Aérea), located 18 km (11 miles) west of Buenos Aires, near the El Palomar Station of the San Martín railway line.
El Palomar in the Campo de Mayo Military Aarea was adopted as the home base of military aviation.  The early days saw a big influence from the Aeroclub, especially engineers Alberto Mascias and Jorge Newbery because the government simply lacked knowledge, funds and equipment. In honour of their achievements, they were granted military aviator status before the 1st class of Officers graduated. Jorge Newbery sadly died in a plane crash 1 March 1914, the Aeroparque airport of Buenos Aires is named after him.  Involvement of the Civil Aeroclub in military Aviation School ended in 1915 when the Military was sufficiently trained to organise flight instruction and air operations renaming the school in Escuela Militar de Aviación in the process. The name reverted to Escuela de Aviación Militar again in 1944 and it is still known by that name today.

Maldonado AFB: Capitan Carlos Curbelo Air Base at Laguna del Sauce near Maldonado, in Uruguay

Rosario Now Islas Malvinas International Airport

Salta Now Martín Miguel de Güemes International Airport

San Juan Now Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Airport
Alan’s Searched for BSAA’s Lancastrian Star Dust from here 16th & 19th July 1946 yet the aircraft was not yet reported as missing or taken off.

Tucumán Nr San Miguel

Villa Mercedes Coronel Pringles” Military Air Base, Villa Mercedes, San Luis. Late 40’s
Villa Reynolds / Base Aérea Militar Coronel Pringles (ICAO Code: SAOR)
The base became operational as Base Aérea Militar Villa Mercedes on 8.10.1938 and was renamed Base Aérea Militar Coronel Pringles on 22.11.1939.
V Brigada Aérea is based here.
Runway data: Rwy 06/24, Size: 2360 x 50 m (7743 x 164 ft), Elev: 485 m (1591 ft).
Runway data: Rwy 10/28, Size: 2400 x 45 m (7874 x 148 ft), Elev: 485 m (1591 ft).


Squad of I.Ae. 24 “Calquín” Fighter-bombers at the “Coronel Pringles” Military Air Base, Villa Mercedes, San Luis. Late 40’s  Also known as the “Argentine Mosquito” due the similarity to the plane of de Havilland.

Three years later the group was reorganised, adding personnel and material coming from The Tamarindos Base in Mendoza, and adopting the name of “Military Airbase General Urquiza.” In 1930 other buildings were raised to serve as accommodation for staff who hitherto lived in the City of Parana. Three years later were completed the asphalt roads which linked the base with the City, fostering greater integration between the two. The impact of base’s activities was large in the daily life of the City, which begins to receive many people from surrounding provinces mainly due to the new jobs generated.  Finally, on March 15th, 1949, with the creation of the Ministry of Aeronautics, arrives independence of the Air Force and the Base acquires its present name as “2nd Air Brigade, Parana.” Since then, in the Base also is located the Justo José de Urquiza airport covering only domestic flights to Buenos Aires and other Provinces in the Republic. Airport and military base share the same facilities.


Avro Lincoln MK II squad of the I Bombardment Regiment, Argentine Air Force. Villa Reynolds, San Luis, Argentina., 1949.

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